“考研英语常考的词汇前缀有哪些”,考研英语单词是考研中最重要的基础部分。除了基础的英语词汇之外,我们经常遇到的还有对应单词的前缀和后缀。那么今天,惊呼网小编就给大家整理了一些考研英语常考词汇的相关前缀,希望可以帮助大家更好的学习英语单词。
  1.aero-:concerning the air of aircraft

  plane-aeroplane 飞机

  space-aerospace 航空空间

  2.anti-:against;opposite of

  nuclear-antinuclear 反对核武器的

  matter-antimatter反物质

  war-antiwar反战的

  3.auto-:of or by oneself

  biography传记 -autobiography自传

  criticism批评-autocriticism自我反省

  4.be-:to treat  as the stated thing

  friend-befriend以朋友的方式对待;照顾

  little-belittle使显得微小,轻视、贬低

  5.bi-:two;twice;double

  lingual-bilingual 双语的; 人

  cycle-bicycle

  6.bio-:concerning living things

  chemistry-biochemistry生化

  sphere-biosphere 生物圈

  7.by-,bye-:less important

  produce-by-produce

  way-byway偏僻小路;学科的次要领域,冷门

  8.centi-:hundredth part

  grade-centigrade ?摄氏
 
  meter-centimeter 厘米

  9.co-:together,with

  author-coauthor合著者,合著

  exist-coexist 同时共存、和平共处

  10.col-:( used before l ) together,with

  location-collocation排列,配置,词的搭配

  11.com-:( used before b,m,p ) together,with

  passion-compassion 怜悯、同情

  12.con-:together,with

  centric-concentric同一中心的、同轴

  federation-confederation结盟 同盟,联邦

  contra-:opposite

  diction-contradiction 矛盾、否定 反驳

  natural-contranatural违背自然的

  14.cor-:( used before r ) together,with

  relate-correlate 有相关性

  respond-correspond 相符合相一致,相当类似通信

  15.counter-:opposite

  act-counteract 对抗、抵消

  attack-counterattack 反攻、反击

  16.cross-:across;going between the stated things and joining them

  country-crosscountry越野的

  breed-crossbreed杂种,使杂交

  17.de-:showing an opposite;to remove;to reduce

  code-decode 译码、解码、分析电子信号

 value-devalue 贬值,贬低

  18.dis-:not;the opposite of

  advantage-disadvantage 不利、劣势、短处

  agree-disagree不同意、不一致、不适合

  honest-dishonest 不诚实、不老实

  19.em-:( used before b,m,p ) to cause to become

  body-embody 表现、象征;包括、包含

  power-empower 授权、准许

  20.en-:to cause to become;to make

  danger-endanger 危及、使遭受危险

  large-enlarge 扩大、扩充 放大

  21.ex-:former ( and still living )

  minister-ex-minister  v辅助; 服侍,部长

 wife-ex-wife 前妻

  22.extra-:outside;beyond

  curricular-extracurricular 学校课程以外的

  ordinary-extraordinary 奇怪;特别;额外,临时

  23.fore-:in advance,before;in or at the front

  arm-forearm前臂,预先武装

  warn-forewarn 预先警告;事先告知

  24.il-:( used before l ) not

  legal-illegal 非法

  literate-illiterate 目不识丁、文盲的

  25.im-:( used before b,m,p ) not

  moral-immoral 不道德、邪恶;放荡的

  possible-impossible 不可能、办不到的;很难接受

  in-:not

  direct-indirect 间接地,婉转的

  sensitive-insensitive 感觉迟钝,不友好的;麻木

  27.infra-:below in a range;beyond

  red-infrared 红外线的

  structure-infrastructure 基础设施,基础结构

  28.inter-:between;among

  change-interchange 互换、互易;交替变换

  national-international 国际的

  29.intra-:inside,within;into

  city-intracity市内的

  department--intra-department

  30.ir-:(used before  r)not

   regular-irregular 不对称、不规则的;不定期的

  responsible-irresponsible 不负责

  31.kilo-:thousand

  gram-kilogram千克

  meter--kilometer

  32.macro-:large,esp. concerning a whole system rather than

  particular parts of

  economics-macroeconomics 宏观经济学

  structure-macrostructure宏观结构

  33.mal-:bad or badly

  function-malfunction 故障,障碍

  treat-maltreat 虐待、滥用

  34.micro-:extremely small

   computer-microcomputer 微机

  electronics-microelectronics 微电子学

  35.mid-:middle

  day-midday 中午

  night-midnight 午夜

  36.mini-:small;short

  bus-minibus 小汽车

  skirt-miniskirt超短裙

  37.mis-:bad or badly;wrong or wrongly

  fortune-misfortune 不幸,厄运;灾难、灾祸

  understand-misunderstand误会 误解

  38.mono-:one;single

  plane-monoplane单翼机

  tone-monotone 单调的

  39.multi-:more than one;many

  purpose-multipurpose多种用途的,多目标

  national-multinational多国的,跨国公司

  40.non-:not

  resident--non(-)resident〉①不住在某地的②(指工作)不要求任职者住在工作地点的;不住在旅馆等中的

  sense-nonsense 胡说,无聊的事物

  41.out-:outside;beyond

  live--outlive比(某人)长寿; 活到(某事)已被遗忘

  door-outdoor户外的 露天

  42.over-:too much;above;additional

  head--overhead离地面的; 头顶上的; 上空的, 架空的

  time--overtime超出的时间; 额外的时间费

  43.poly-:many

  centric-polycentric多中心的

  syllabic-polysyllabic 多音节的

  44.post-:later than;after

  graduate-postgraduate 研究生的,生

  war-postwar战后的

  45.pre-:before;in advance

  pay-prepay预付

  war-prewar战前的,在战前

  46.pro-:in favor of,supporting

  America--pro-America

  abortion--pro-abortion 早产

  47.pseudo-:not real;false

  name-pseudonym假名,化名;笔名

  science-pseudoscience 伪科学

  48.re-:again;back to the former state

  unite-reunite重聚,再联合

  use-reuse 再用

  49.self-:by means of oneself or itself;of,to,with,for,or in

  oneself or itself

  employed--self-employed

  taught--self-taught

  50.semi-:half;partly

  circle-semicircle半圆形

  final-semifinal半决赛

  51.step-:not by birth but through a parent who has remarried

  mother-stepmother继母

  children-stepchildren养子

  52.sub-:under,below;less important;part of the stated bigger

  whole

  divide-subdivide再分,细分

  section--subsection分部,分段,小部分,小单位,细分

  53.super-:more,larger,greater than usual

  market-supermarket超市

  natural-supernatural超自然的,超自然的现象

  54.tele-:at or over a long distance;by or for television

  communication-telecommunication电信

  screen--telescreen

  55.therm(o)-:concerning heat

  chemistry--thermochemistry

  meter-thermometer 温度计

  56.trans-:  across, on or to the other side of ; between

  Atlantic-transatlantic电视屏幕,荧光屏

  plant-transplant移植

  57.tri-:  three; three times

  angular-triangular 三角

  cycle-tricycle三轮车,机器三轮车

  58.ultra-:  beyond; very, extremely

  modern-ultramodern超现代化的

  sound-ultrasound超声,超声波

  59.un-:  not

  certain-uncertain不确定的

  fortunate-unfortunate 不幸的,不幸的人

  60.under-:  too little; below

  develop-underdevelop(使)发展不完全,(使)显影不足

  sea-undersea海面下的

  61.uni-:  one, singer

  form-uniform制服,相同的,清一色的

  directional-unidirectional单向的,单向性的

  62.vice-:  next in the rank; below

  chairman-vice-chairman 副委员长

  president-vice-president副总统,副校长
 

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